Triple Alliance

   A secret treaty signed by Germany, AustriaHungary, and Italy on 20 May 1882, the Triple Alliance bound the signatories to offer mutual assistance in the event that any one of them should be attacked by two or more powers—Russia and France being perceived as the main dangers. It was to be renewed at fiveyear intervals and was in effect until 1915. The alliance was motivated by Otto von Bismarck’s desire to isolate France and by AustriaHungary’s desire to obtain backing against Russia for its adventures in the Balkans. For Italy, allying with its historic enemy, Austria, represented a sea change in foreign policy and signaled that the cabinet of Agostino Depretis did not intend to listen to the nationalists, who since the mid-1870s, had been pressing the Italian government to put the liberation of the Trentino and Trieste—the two largest provinces still under Austrian domination—at the core of its foreign policy. Foreign Minister Felice Nicolis di Robilant, the architect of the new policy, was motivated by Italy’s need for diplomatic support against France, which was blocking its attempts to expand into Tunisia and to build a North African empire. French support for the pope was feared as well. While the alliance offered none of the guarantees of Italy’s position in Rome sought by Italy, it did provide assurances against an attack by France.
   The threat posed by this alliance prompted France to ally itself with Russia in 1894 and to enter an entente cordiale with Great Britain in 1904, thus dividing Europe into two counterposed blocs of powers. Many historians believe that the origins of World War I are to be found in the frictions between the powers that this situation inevitably provoked. In 1915, however, Italy entered the war on the side of Britain and France, rather than Austria-Hungary and Germany.
   See also London, Treaty of.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Triple-alliance — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le terme Triple Alliance désigne une alliance entre trois identités. Voir aussi : Triple alliance aztèque Mexique entre les cités aztèques,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Triple Alliance — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le terme Triple Alliance désigne une alliance entre trois identités. Voir aussi : Triple alliance aztèque Mexique entre les cités aztèques,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Triple Alliance — n. 1. an alliance of England, Sweden, and the Netherlands against France in 1668 2. an alliance of Great Britain, France, and the Netherlands against Spain in 1717 3. an alliance of Great Britain, Austria, and Russia against France in 1795 4. an… …   English World dictionary

  • Triple-Alliance — V. Alliance (Triple ) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Triple-Alliance — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le terme Triple Alliance désigne une alliance entre trois identités : Triple alliance (Mésoamérique) : mieux connue sous le nom d empire aztèque …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Triple Alliance — There have been numerous alliances known as the Triple Alliance:* Aztec Triple Alliance Tenochtitlan, Texcoco and Tlacopan. Better known as the Aztec Empire. * Triple Alliance (1596) England, the Dutch Republic and France * Triple Alliance (1668) …   Wikipedia

  • Triple Alliance — 1. the alliance (1882 1915) of Germany, Austria Hungary, and Italy. 2. a league (1717) of France, Great Britain, and the Netherlands against Spain. 3. a league (1668) of England, Sweden, and the Netherlands against France. * * * (1882) Secret… …   Universalium

  • Triple Alliance — (1882)    A secret alliance of Austria Hungary, Germany, and Italy pledging mutual assistance in the event of an attack by France. Franco Italian relations had been strained since the Italian occupation of Rome in 1870. When France formalized its …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Triple Alliance — /ˌtrɪpəl əˈlaɪəns/ (say .tripuhl uh luyuhns) noun 1. the alliance (1882–1915) between Germany, Austria Hungary, and Italy. 2. a league (1717) of France, Great Britain, and the Netherlands against Spain. 3. a league (1668) of England, Sweden, and… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Triple Alliance — 1668 alliance of Netherlands England and Sweden against France; 1717 treaty by England France and the Netherlands; 1872 alliance of Austria Hungary Russia and Germany …   English contemporary dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.